GDPE diagrams negative space 18

Often overlooked due to its frequent role as an absence of things is the element of space. But space is much more than absence. It is properly defined as the area inside, outside, all around, above, and/or below the formal objects described above.

Space in two dimensional composition can be tricky though, especially when it provides the illusion of three dimensional space (aka depth). Above is an example of different kinds of space in use: the sailboat-like shapes overlap with the waves, creating an illusion of depth; the boats and waves get tinier as they approach an invisible horizon line, heightening the illusion of depth; and finally, the boats occupy negative space in the waves.

Here are more interesting uses of negative space I have found from the dank nether-regions of the web: